Robin Einhorn link is Professor of History at UC Berkeley. She received her PhD. from the University of Chicago and has written numerous articles and books on public policy and the history of taxation in the United States.
Thirteenth Amendment - Slavery And Involuntary Servitude http://www.constitutioncenter.org/constitution/
Fourteenth Amendment - Rights Guaranteed Privileges and Immunities of Citizenship, Due Process and Equal Protection
Fifteenth Amendment - Right of Citizens to Vote http://www.constitutioncenter.org/constitution/
U.S. SUPREME COURT Slaughterhouse Cases, 1873 Holding 13th & 14th Amendments Don't Guarantee Federal Protection of Individual Rights Against Discrimination by Their Own State Gov'ts
U.S. SUPREME COURT Slaughterhouse Cases 1873,
Dissenting Opinion by Justice Field
U.S. SUPREME COURT Lochner v. New York (1905) As explained in The Words We Live By by Linda Monk:
U.S. SUPREME COURT Lochner v. New York 1905, Re: State's Police Powers vs Personal Liberty to Contract Under the 14th Amendment The Supreme Court dealt a blow in 1905 to efforts to regulate labor conditions in a 5-4 decision stating that states could not restrict ordinary workers' hours.
U.S. SUPREME COURT Muller v. Oregon 1908 This case, decided by the Supreme Court in 1908, upheld an Oregon law of 1903 limiting the number of hours women could work in certain commercial businesses.
Muller v. Oregon (Supreme Court upholds maximum hour law), February 24, 1908
from "Women Working, 1800 - 1930" published by Harvard University Library
Muller v. Oregon 1908 Background information. Does the Oregon law violate a woman's freedom of contract implicit in the liberty protected by due process of the Fourteenth Amendment?